The archaeological site of Gorkhuttree is located at the heart of walled city
of old Peshawar. It is the highest place in Peshawar having a huge deposit of
the historic periods commencing from the Indo-Greeks or even earlier. The first
excavations at this site were conducted in 1994-95 and thereafter series of
excavations took place in the subsequent years. The city Museum is established
inside the Gorkhuttri complex. The existing structure of the complex was
established by Begum Jehanara, the beloved daughter of the Mughal Emperor
Shahjahan in 1640 A.D. It was established as caravanserai for the merchants who
came to Peshawar from central Asia and Afghanistan etc. The complex was
originally consisting of two monumental gateways and a series of small cells on
four sides, a Jamia Masjid and Hamam. However, today only the gateways and some
small cells are remaining while the rest of the area is occupied by modern
construction and a Hindu temple.
The Museum was inaugurated on 23rd March 2006 by the then Chief Minister Mr.
Akram Khan Durrani. The museum is consisting of two small galleries i.e., the
Archaeological and Ethnological, while a third gallery is recently added for
the exhibition of the antiquities of the British time. The archaeological
gallery of this museum represents a continuous profile of the Peshawar Valley
in the form of excavation material recovered from the site of Gorkhuttree. This
excavation was conducted by the Directorate of Archaeology and Museums
Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in 2002-2011.
The second gallery is of ethological culture of Peshawar, where household
objects, traditional dresses, armaments, ornaments, musical instruments, arts,
and craft objects are displayed.